Understanding Hospital Financial Net Working Capital

Lower is Better

[By Staff Reporters]

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Net working capital is the difference between current assets and current liabilities. The lower the net working capital, the more economically efficient the medical care provided. Some important definitions and ratios for hospitals include those immediately below:

  • Days Sales Outstanding: AR/(net sales/365)

Year-end receivables net of allowances for doubtful accounts, plus financial receivables divided by net sales per day. A decrease in days sales outstanding (DSO) represents an improvement in cash flows while an increase represents deterioration. The hospital industry average is 30 days.

  • Days Payable Outstanding: AP/(total expenses [less depreciation and amortization] / 365)

Year-end payables divided by expenses per day. An increase in days payable outstanding (DPO) is an improvement, while a decrease is not. Payables exclude accrued expenses. Hospital industry average is 20 days.

  • Days Inventory Outstanding: Inventory/(net sales/365)

Year-end inventories divided by sales per day. A decrease in days inventory outstanding (DIO) is an improvement, while an increase may be a sales deterioration. Hospital industry average is 4 days.

  • Days Working Capital: (AR + inventory – AP)/net sales/365)

Year-end net working capital (service receivables plus inventory, minus AP) divided by sales per day. The lower the better. Hospital industry average is 14 days.

Assessment

For more health economics and finance terms and definitions, please review the following:

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Conclusion

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SURVEY: Resources Offered by Health Insurance Plan Transparency Tool

By MCOL

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Percentage of Resources

 •  Finding in-network providers: 72%
 •  Telehealth: 55%
 •  Ability to select PCP online: 53%
 •  Help navigating benefits and healthcare options: 50%
 •  Cost estimates for healthcare services: 50%
 •  Status of deductible: 49%
 •  Reviews of doctors and facilities: 46%
 •  Online appointment scheduling: 41%
 •  Financial incentives/rewards for choosing cost-effective care: 25%

Source: Health Sparq, “2022 Annual Consumer Sentiment Benchmark Report,” January 2022

CITE: https://www.r2library.com/Resource/Title/082610254

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UPDATE: ARK Innovation, Dr. Burry, the Yield/Equity Push-Pull and Monkeypox

By Staff Reporters

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Cathie Wood’s ARK Innovation fund composed of high-growth tech stocks is up 17% since hitting rock bottom on May 11th compared to the S&P’s 4.4% gain over the same period.

Americans are burning through their savings and might virtually exhaust them within months. Colleague Michael Burry MD warned the US economy could suffer once consumers empty out their savings accounts. “The Big Short” investor expects rising debt and reduced savings to hit growth and company profits.

The push and pull between bond yields and equities continue with stock gains kept in check by a drop in Treasuries that pushed a swath of rates above 3%.

The CDC raised its alert level for Monkeypox to level 2 recommending that travelers wear masks, among other health measures.

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Organizational Economics and Physician Practices

N.B.E.R.

By James B. Rebitzer & Mark E. Votruba

Economists seeking to improve the efficiency of health care delivery frequently emphasize two issues: the fragmented structure of physician practices and poorly designed physician incentives. This decade old paper analyzes these issues from the perspective of organizational economics.

We begin with a brief overview of the structure of physician practices and observe that the long anticipated triumph of integrated care delivery has largely gone unrealized. We then analyze the special problems that fragmentation poses for the design of physician incentives. Organizational economics suggests some promising incentive strategies for this setting, but implementing these strategies is complicated by norms of autonomy in the medical profession and by other factors that inhibit effective integration between hospitals and physicians. Compounding these problems are patterns of medical specialization that complicate coordination among physicians.

We conclude by considering the policy implications of our analysis – paying particular attention to proposed Accountable Care Organizations.

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READ HERE: https://www.nber.org/papers/w17535

ASSESSMENT: What has changed this past decade; if anything? Your thoughts are appreciated.

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PODCASTS: Health Economics and the AMA

By Professor Jon

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PODCAST: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fwYYae_U1OI

PODCAST: https://medicalexecutivepost.com/2022/05/30/ama-to-teach-medical-students-about-health-economics/

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