What is Medical Practice FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS?

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BY DR. DAVID E. MARCINKO MBA CMP®

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SPONSOR: http://www.CertifiedMedicalPlanner.org

Financial ratio analysis typically involves the calculation of ratios that are financial and operational measures representative of the financial status of a clinic or medical practice enterprise.  These ratios are evaluated in terms of their relative comparison to generally established industry norms, which may be expressed as positive or negative trends for that industry sector. The ratios selected may function as several different measures of operating performance or financial condition of the subject entity.

CITE: https://www.r2library.com/Resource/Title/0826102549

Common types of financial indicators that are measured by ratio analysis include:

  • Liquidity. Liquidity ratios measure the ability of an organization to meet cash obligations as they become due, i.e., to support operational goals. Ratios above the industry mean generally indicate that the organization is in an advantageous position to better support immediate goals.  The current ratio, which quantifies the relationship between assets and liabilities, is an indicator of an organization’s ability to meet short-term obligations.  Managers use this measure to determine how quickly assets are converted into cash.
  • Activity. Activity ratios, also called efficiency ratios, indicate how efficiently the organization utilizes its resources or assets, including cash, accounts receivable, salaries, inventory, property, plant, and equipment.  Lower ratios may indicate an inefficient use of those assets.
  • Leverage. Leverage ratios, measured as the ratio of long-term debt to net fixed assets, are used to illustrate the proportion of funds, or capital, provided by shareholders (owners) and creditors to aid analysts in assessing the appropriateness of an organization’s current level of debt.  When this ratio falls equal to or below the industry norm, the organization is typically not considered to be at significant risk.
  • Profitability. Indicates the overall net effect of managerial efficiency of the enterprise. To determine the profitability of the enterprise for benchmarking purposes, the analyst should first review and make adjustments to the owner(s) compensation, if appropriate.  Adjustments for the market value of the “replacement cost” of the professional services provided by the owner are particularly important in the valuation of professional medical practices for the purpose of arriving at an ”economic level” of profit.

The selection of financial ratios for analysis and comparison to the organization’s performance requires careful attention to the homogeneity of data. Benchmarking of intra-organizational data (i.e., internal benchmarking) typically proves to be less variable across several different measurement periods.

However, the use of data from external facilities for comparison may introduce variation in measurement methodology and procedure. In the latter case, use of a standard chart of accounts for the organization or recasting the organization’s data to a standard format can effectively facilitate an appropriate comparison of the organization’s operating performance and financial status data to survey results.

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Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

MORE: https://www.routledge.com/Comprehensive-Financial-Planning-Strategies-for-Doctors-and-Advisors-Best/Marcinko-Hetico/p/book/9781482240283

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ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENT REPORTS: Health Insurance Companies

FOR PHYSICIAN INVESTORS

By David Belk MD

Health Insurance Company Financial Index

Below is a listing of the Nine largest for-profit health insurance Companies. The Annual financial statements are linked to the year for each Company and a four page summary report is linked to the name of the health insurance company at the top of the listing.

CITE: https://www.r2library.com/Resource/Title/0826102549

The relevant pages in each financial statement I used to prepare my summaries are listed next to each year’s statement. Aetna and Coventry’s summaries are combined because they merged in 2012. Health Net also Merged with Centene in 2016 leaving only seven major health insurance companies.

A composite summary for the data for all eight companies is here

Composite Data Table

Click on the name of the health insurance company to open the accordion and view the financial statements.

LINK: https://truecostofhealthcare.org/health-insurance-financial-index/

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Net Income [P&L] Statements

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Financial Statements [A Review for Physicians]

By Dr. David Edward Marcinko; MBA, CMP™

[Publisher-in-Chief]biz-book

The Net Income [Profit-and-Loss Statement] Statement [NIS] is only one of four financial statements. 

The four consolidated statements are: balance sheet, net-income, cash flow and retained earnings. 

The NIS reflects the following in a medical practice or healthcare business entity: 

  • Income from patient services, plus revenue from research grants, educational programs, gift and cafeteria sales, office space and parking lot rental, and investment income; and,
  • Expenses including general overhead, non-operating expenses like salaries and wages, fringe benefits, supplies, interest, professional fees, bad debts, depreciation, and amortization.  

Increases in working capital, current assets, the retirement of debt, and investment in new fixed assets are not considered in the Net Income Statement [NIS]. 

Assessment of Accounting Differences 

Definitional differences do occur, however, in the income statement. 

For example, the NIS may report physician compensation and benefits in the expense category, during a period of time.

Small physician practices, on the other hand, may report income and expenses on a “cash accounting” basis reflecting income actually received and expenses actually paid.  

The “accrual method” of accounting records expenses when they are incurred and income when earned, not when paid or received as in the cash method.

The cash method is easier, but the accrual method is more accurate and most healthcare entities use this method. Accrual accounting will increase going forward because of the nature of discounted contracts, capitated contracts, or other fixed reimbursement arrangements.  

Conclusion

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