Contribute to a Roth 401k WHILE Working in a High Tax State?

How and Why?

By Josh @HeritageWealthPlanning.com

I’ve attached a quick / short analysis that pits a Roth retirement approach versus a pre-tax 401 approach. I’m a bit surprised at the outcome.

Here are the assumptions.

1. Married employee in both cases.
2. An employee who is 55 years old invests $25,000 into the company’s retirement account.
a. $19,000 limit, plus
b. $6,000 over 50 catch-up
3. One employee pays the taxes up-front and invests the net of $16,088 into a Roth.
4. Another employee avoids / defers the taxes and invests the entire $25,000 into a 401.
5. Both investments earn the same return.
6. After 10 years the 401 will be converted over to a Roth.
c. This conversion signals the retirement of the individual in a non-income tax state which is one difference between the two approaches. Their working career was in an income taxed state while they both retire in a non-taxed state.
7. The analysis is taxing the 401 at the same tax-rate level minus any state income tax. If you execute your conversions at a lower tax rate, say 12% the results could even be more divergent.(emphasis mine).

d. Also, the reason I’ve taxed the entire Roth amount at 22% Federal is because that is the bracket the employee’s income tops out at. For the retiree when any Roth conversions is likely to take place the taxes would be on a stepped approach topping out at possible 12%.

Assessment

What am I missing here? If this analysis is correct it seems advantageous to invest in the 401 and convert to a Roth when you are either in a lower tax bracket, in a non-income tax state or both.

LINK: https://heritagewealthplanning.com/contribute-to-a-roth-401k-while-working-in-a-high-tax-state/

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Conclusion: Your thoughts are appreciated.

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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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Child Health Measures and Rankings

For FY 2017

By http://www.MCOL.com

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Playing with the FIRE Movement

“What do you think of the FIRE movement?”

[By Rick Kahler CFP]

“What do you think of the FIRE movement?” a reporter asked me recently. I told her I was ambivalent about it.

The FIRE acronym in this context stands for “Financial Independence, Retire Early.” While a Harris poll done in late 2018 found most people over 45 had never heard of the FIRE movement, it apparently has caught fire among millennials.

The focus of FIRE adherents is lifestyle more than finances. Two books are the foundation of the FIRE movement: Your Money or Your Life, written in 1992 by Vicki Robin and Joe Dominguez, and Early Retirement Extreme, written in 2010 by Jacob Lund Fisker. The concept was popularized in 2011 by blogger Peter Adeney (Mr. Money Mustache), who lives in Longmont, CO. At the age of 30, Adeney and his wife retired with a retirement fund of $600,000 and a paid-for home.

According to the reporter who interviewed me, many advisors have strong opinions against the FIRE movement. This may seem odd. After all, financial independence and retiring early is often a goal of those seeking financial planning. That was certainly one of my goals when I was the age of today’s millennials.

I find very little to criticize about adopting a frugal lifestyle and saving as much as possible. For decades I have suggested living on half of what you make, with a goal of reaching financial freedom as soon as possible. Some FIRE proponents do save up to 50% of their income, which is five times more than their peers, according to a January 21, 2019, InvestmentNews article by Greg Iacurci, “Advisors throw cold water on FIRE Movement.”

What makes many financial planners uncomfortable is the definition of “early.” In my day, early was age 50, not 30. In terms of FIRE, Adeney promotes a lifestyle of aggressive frugality with the goal of retiring as soon as possible, using a 4% withdrawal rate as a guideline to determine the nest egg you need to accumulate.

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This raises two obvious issues that need clarification.

First, you need to earn enough to be able to live on 50 percent of your income. Relatively few young adults make that much. There is no magic income number, since the cost of living varies so much across the country.

One’s definition of frugality is also important. To some that may mean setting the thermostat at 68 all winter or driving a small fuel-efficient vehicle. For  others it may mean chopping your own wood to heat your living space only with a wood-burning stove or doing without a car altogether. As with many things, the wisdom is knowing when frugality crosses the line to dangerous deprivation.

Finally, the earlier you retires the longer your retirement nest egg must last. With a 4% withdrawal rate, someone retiring at age 70 has a much higher probability of seeing their investment portfolio last for their lifetime than someone retiring at age 30. Also, the rate of return on the portfolio is critical. The higher the rate of return the longer the funds will last. If there is any potential problem with the FIRE formula it’s probably this.

Since the average 30 year old may live another 60 years, and assuming a 4% return net of mutual fund and advisor fees, I would make a strong argument for a 2 percent withdrawal rate. Someone age 50 could reasonably withdraw 3%, while someone age 60 or above could probably be safe at 4%.

Assessment:

As with any conflagration, playing with FIRE irresponsibly can end up burning down the house. But used wisely, it can sustain life and make living much more rewarding.

Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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What is a Portmanteau?

Word Play, Anyone?

[By staff reporters]

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A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words, in which parts of multiple words, or their phones (sounds), and their meanings are combined into a new word.
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Originally, the word “portmanteau” refers to a suitcase that opens into two equal sections.
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Assessment: Can you think of any others; or construct de-novo?
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What is a “Direct Listing” Process on Wall Street?

On The “Direct Listing” Process

[By staff reporters]

We’ve talked about Wall Street, IPOs, the OTC market and secondary public offerings before. So, now may be a good time to discuss the direct public listing.

The Direct Public Listing

Companies that want to do a public listing may not have the resources to pay underwriters, may not want to dilute existing shares by creating new ones or may want to avoid lockup agreements. Companies with these concerns often choose to proceed by using the “direct listing” process, rather than an IPO.

Direct Listing Process (DLP) is also known as Direct Placement or Direct Public Offering (DPO)

In DLP, the business sells shares directly to the public without the help of any intermediaries. It does not involve any underwriters or other intermediaries, there are no new shares issued and there is no lockup period.

The existing investors, promoters and even employees holding shares of the company can directly sell their shares to the public.

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However, the zero- to low-cost advantage also comes with certain risks for the company, which also trickle down to investors.

For example there is no support or guarantee for the share sale, no promotions, no safe long-term investors, no possibility of options like greenshoe and no defense by large shareholders against any volatility in the share price during and after the share listing.

Assessment:

The greenshoe option is a provision in an underwriting agreement that grants the underwriter the right to sell investors more shares than originally planned by the issuer if the demand proves particularly strong.

MORE: https://www.bing.com/news/search?q=Direct+Wall+Street+Listing&qpvt=direct+wall+street+listing&FORM=EWRE

Conclusion: Your thoughts are appreciated.

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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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Severity and Price of ER Visits

Severity Level – 2017

By http://www.MCOL.com

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Conclusion: Your thoughts are appreciated.

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What is Doxxing?

Can You Avoid It?

[By staff reporters]

Doxing (from dox, abbreviation of documents), or doxxing, is the Internet-based practice of researching and broadcasting personally identifiable information about an individual.

The methods employed to acquire this information include searching publicly available databases and social media websites (like Facebook), hacking, and social engineering.

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Doxing is therefore a standard tactic of online harassment and has been used by people associated with 4chan and in the Gamergate and vaccine controversies.

The ethics of doxing by journalists, on matters that they assert are issues of public interest, is an area of much controversy. Many authors have argued that doxing in journalism blurs the line between revealing information in the interest of the public and releasing information about an individual’s private life against their wishes.

MORE: https://www.gohacking.com/what-is-doxing-and-how-it-is-done/

THINK: HIPAA

Conclusion: Your thoughts are appreciated.

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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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What is Cryonics?

Cryonics: Using low temperatures to care for the critically ill

By Aschwin de Wolf

Introduction

In contemporary medicine terminally ill patients can be declared legally dead using two different criteria: whole brain death or cardiorespiratory arrest. Although many people would agree that a human being without any functional brain activity, or even without higher brain function, has ceased to exist as a person, not many people realize that most patients who are currently declared legally dead by cardiorespiratory criteria have not yet died as a person. Or to use conventional biomedical language, although the organism has ceased to exist as a functional, integrated whole, the neuroanatomy of the person is still intact when a patient is declared legally dead using cardiorespiratory criteria.

It might seem odd that contemporary medicine allows deliberate destruction of the properties that make us uniquely human (our capacity for consciousness) unless one considers the significant challenge of keeping a brain alive in a body that has ceased to function as an integrated whole. But what if we could put the brain “on pause” until a time when medical science has become advanced enough to treat the rest of the body, reverse aging, and restore the patient to health?

Myths: https://www.alcor.org/cryomyths.html#myth6

MORE: https://www.alcor.org/

Assessment

Your thoughts are appreciated.

Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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What is the Doppler Effect?

How does it work?

[By staff reporters]

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The Doppler effect (or Doppler shift) is the change in frequency of a wave (or other periodic event) for an observer moving relative to its source. It is named after the Austrian physicist Christian Doppler, who proposed it in 1842 in Prague. It is commonly heard when a vehicle sounding a siren or horn approaches, passes, and recedes from an observer.
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An animation illustrating how the Doppler effect causes a car engine or siren to sound higher in pitch when it is approaching than when it is receding. The pink circles represent sound waves.

Passing car horn

Wikipedia: The reason for the Doppler effect is that when the source of the waves is moving towards the observer, each successive wave crest is emitted from a position closer to the observer than the crest of the previous wave. Therefore, each wave takes slightly less time to reach the observer than the previous wave. Hence, the time between the arrivals of successive wave crests at the observer is reduced, causing an increase in the frequency. While they are traveling, the distance between successive wave fronts is reduced, so the waves “bunch together”. Conversely, if the source of waves is moving away from the observer, each wave is emitted from a position farther from the observer than the previous wave, so the arrival time between successive waves is increased, reducing the frequency. The distance between successive wave fronts is then increased, so the waves “spread out”.

For waves that propagate in a medium, such as sound waves, the velocity of the observer and of the source are relative to the medium in which the waves are transmitted. The total Doppler effect may therefore result from motion of the source, motion of the observer, or motion of the medium. Each of these effects is analyzed separately. For waves which do not require a medium, such as light or gravity in general relativity, only the relative difference in velocity between the observer and the source needs to be considered.

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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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Medicare Part D – Drug Plan Enrollment

Distribution 2019

By http://www.MCOL.com

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What is the Elderly CPI?

The CPI-E

[By staff reporters]

We’ve written about the CPI and Chained CPI before on this ME-P.
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Q = So, what is the Elderly CPI?
A = It is experimental CPI for the elderly called the CPI-E.
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Mature Woman
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MORE:
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According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, or BLS, the CPI-E includes households whose reference person or spouse is 62 years of age or older.
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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™
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What is Knightian Uncertainty in Economics?

About Frank Knight PhD

[By staff reporters]

In economics, Knightian uncertainty is a lack of any quantifiable knowledge about some possible occurrence, as opposed to the presence of quantifiable risk (e.g., that in statistical noise or a parameter’s confidence interval). The concept acknowledges some fundamental degree of ignorance, a limit to knowledge, and an essential unpredictability of future events.

Knightian uncertainty is named after University of Chicago economist Frank Knight (1885–1972), who distinguished risk and uncertainty in his work Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit:[1]

“Uncertainty must be taken in a sense radically distinct from the familiar notion of Risk, from which it has never been properly separated…. The essential fact is that ‘risk’ means in some cases a quantity susceptible of measurement, while at other times it is something distinctly not of this character; and there are far-reaching and crucial differences in the bearings of the phenomena depending on which of the two is really present and operating…. It will appear that a measurable uncertainty, or ‘risk’ proper, as we shall use the term, is so far different from an unmeasurable one that it is not in effect an uncertainty at all.”

MORE: RD

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Assessment: Your thoughts are appreciated.

Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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On Immigrant Health Care Workers

CIRCA – 2017

By http://www.MCOL.com

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Assessment

Your thoughts are appreciated.

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Is Value Investing Dead?

 

Vitaliy Katsenelson CFA

Is Value Investing Dead?

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MORE: http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/topstocks/value-stocks-are-trading-at-the-steepest-discount-in-history/ar-AACuYES?li=BBnbfcN

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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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D-Day 1944 – 2019

75 Years

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Prescription Drug Uses and Costs

Seclected Facts: 2015-2016

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Out-Of-Pocket Spending Among People with Employer Health Insurance Coverage

Circa 2016-2017

By http://www.MCOL.com

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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™

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Ten “Unusual” ICD-11 Codes

You May not Have Known

By http://www.MCOL.com

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MORE:

https://www.medicaleconomics.com/health-law-policy/20-bizarre-new-icd-10-codes

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What is a “Kinked” Demand Curve?

Modified Supply-Demand

[By staff reporters]

The Kinked-Demand curve theory is an economic theory regarding oligopoly and monopolistic competition.

When it was created, the idea fundamentally challenged classical economic tenets such as efficient markets and rapidly changing prices, ideas that underlie basic supply and demand models.

Kinked demand was an initial attempt to explain sticky prices.

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Assessment: Your thoughts are appreciated.
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Risk Management, Liability Insurance, and Asset Protection Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™8Comprehensive Financial Planning Strategies for Doctors and Advisors: Best Practices from Leading Consultants and Certified Medical Planners™
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Invite Dr. Marcinko

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