PODCAST: What is Apophenia?

Apophenia is the tendency to mistakenly perceive connections and meaning between unrelated things. The termwas coined by psychiatrist Klaus Conrad in his 1958 publication on the beginning stages of schizophrenia.

Conrad defined it as “unmotivated seeing of connections [accompanied by] a specific feeling of abnormal meaningfulness”. He described the early stages of delusional thought as self-referential, over-interpretations of actual sensory perceptions, as opposed to hallucinations.

LINK: https://www.amazon.com/Dictionary-Health-Insurance-Managed-Care/dp/0826149944/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1275315485&sr=1-4



Man in the Moon refers to any of several pareidolic images of a human face, head or body that certain traditions recognize in the disc of the full moon.

Pareidolia is the tendency for incorrect perception of a stimulus as an object, pattern or meaning known to the observer, such as seeing shapes in clouds, seeing faces in inanimate objects or abstract patterns, or hearing hidden messages in music. Pareidolia is a subcategory of apophenia.

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The “Middle Class” Defined?

By Staff Reporters



What’s shrinking in size, overworked and woefully underpaid?

Did you know that only half of U.S. adults live in a household with an annual income of $52,000 to $156,000, the range it takes to be considered middle income, according to the Pew Research Center. That share is significantly lower than it was in 1971, when 61% of the nation’s adults qualified as middle income.

In 2022 — an era of historic inflation and a manic economy in which jobs are plentiful but wages are stagnant — more Americans are living paycheck to paycheck. And it’s affecting more than just their income.

“People judge whether or not they’re achieving the American dream by comparing their income and their lifestyle, or what their income can buy, to what they see around them,” says Isabel Sawhill, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.

On paper, middle-class household income has increased considerably in the last 50 years. Measured in 2020 dollars, the median salary of the U.S. workforce is 50% higher now ($90,131) than it was in 1971 ($59,934), primarily thanks to women’s increased participation in the workforce, says Sawhill, who’s a co-author of the Brookings report “A New Contract with the Middle Class.”

Those gains, however, pale in comparison to the 69% growth enjoyed by the wealthiest households. Elisabeth Jacobs, a deputy director at the research nonprofit Urban Institute, said in a 2021 Brookings panel that if middle incomes had grown at the same pace as the top 20% of earners over the past 50 years, a solidly middle-class family would average around $139,000 annually (post-tax).


CITE: https://www.r2library.com/Resource/Title/082610254


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