My Pragmatic Philosophy of Education

It is NOT the Boyer Model

[By Dr. David E. Marcinko MBA]

The Boyer Model of Education and Scholarship

OK – I may subscribe to the Boyer Model but with several specific personal variations which I will keep propriety and not disclose here. But, I will discuss my teaching pragmatism, below.


Boyer’s Model of scholarship and education is an academic model advocating expansion of the traditional definition of scholarship and research into four types of scholarship. It was introduced in 1990 by Ernest Boyer.

According to Boyer, traditional research, or the scholarship of discovery, had been the center of academic life and crucial to an institution’s advancement but it needed to be broadened and made more flexible to include not only the new social and environmental challenges beyond the campus but also the reality of contemporary life.

His vision was to change the research mission of universities by introducing the idea that scholarship needed to be redefined.


ME: Dr. Marcinko Teaching Philosophy



DEAN: Dean 3.0 Philosophy


So, what do you think?


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3 Responses

  1. Thanks
    Dr. Joe


  2. [My Teaching Philosophy]

    Although any learner-centered teaching philosophy, or Boyer Model of scholarship, is constantly in flux, the mission of a public or private educator is: [1] to promote positive learning; [2] to motivate students, staff and graduates; [3] to provide a strong foundation for lifelong learning; and in modernity [4] to enhance career and life-work opportunities; to [5] improve bottom-line financial metrics, and [6] to collaborate on a national and global basis.

    However, because we are specifically operating in the rapidly changing healthcare and education milieu, even deeper experiential insight is needed.


    Medicine today is different than a generation ago, and all educators and healthcare professionals need new skills to be successful. Traditionally, the physician – like the classroom professor – was viewed as the “captain of the ship”. Today, their role may be more akin to a ship’s navigator, utilizing clinical, teaching skills and knowledge to chart the patient’s, or student’s, course through a confusing morass of requirements, choices, rules and regulations to achieve the best attainable clinical or didactic outcomes.

    This new teaching paradigm includes many classic business school principles, now modified to fit the PP-ACA, the era of health reform, and modern technical connectivity. Thus, a Professor, Chair or Dean must be a subtle guide on the side; not bombastic sage on the stage. These, newer teaching philosophies must include:

    • Negotiation – working to optimize appropriate curricula, services and materials;

    • Team play – working in concert with others to coordinate education delivery within a clinically appropriate and cost-effective framework;

    • Working within the limits of competence – avoiding the pitfalls of the generalist teacher versus the subject matter expert that may restrict access to professors, texts and facilities by clearly acknowledging when a higher degree of didactic service is needed on behalf of the student;

    • Respecting different cultures and values – inherent in the support of the academic Principle of Autonomy is the acceptance of values that may differ from one’s own. As the US becomes more culturally heterogeneous, educators and medical providers are called upon to work within, and respect, the socio-cultural and/or spiritual framework of patients, students and their families;

    • Seeking clarity on what constitutes marginal education – within a system of finite resources; providers and professors are called upon to openly communicate with students and patients regarding access to marginal education and/or treatments.

    • Supporting evidence-based practice – educators, like healthcare providers, should utilize outcomes data to reduce variation in treatments and curriculum to achieve higher academic efficiencies and improved care delivery;

    • Fostering transparency and openness in communications – teachers and healthcare professionals should be willing, and prepared, to discuss all aspects of care and academic andragogy; especially when disclosing problems or issues that arise;

    • Exercising decision-making flexibility – treatment algorithms, templates and teaching pathways are useful tools when used within their scope; but providers and professors must have the authority to adjust the plan if circumstances warrant;

    • Becoming skilled in the art of listening and interpreting — In her ground-breaking book, Narrative Ethics: Honoring the Stories of Illness, Rita Charon, MD PhD, a professor at Columbia University, writes of the extraordinary value of using the patient’s personal story in the treatment plan. She notes that, “medicine practiced with narrative competence will more ably recognize patients and diseases; convey knowledge and regard, join humbly with colleagues, and accompany patients and their families through ordeals of illness.” In many ways, attention to narrative returns medicine full circle to the compassionate and caring foundations of the patient-physician relationship.

    The educational analog to this book is, The Ethics of Teaching [A Casebook], co-edited by my teacher and colleague Deborah Ware Balogh PhD of the University of Indianapolis.

    Finally, these thoughts represent only a handful of examples to illustrate the myriad of new skills that tomorrow’s healthcare professionals, and modern educators, must master in order to meet their timeless professional obligations of compassionate patient care and contemporary teaching effectiveness.

    Respectfully submitted,
    David Edward Marcinko


  3. Academia

    Academic progress for American children plunged during the coronavirus pandemic. But learning loss varied greatly, and a new body of research highlights that some students were harmed more than others, as Laura Meckler reports.

    Here’s a snapshot of the top takeaways from more than a half-dozen studies published in recent months analyzing the pandemic’s toll on academic achievement:

    Students who learned from home longer fared worse than those who quickly returned to the classroom, offering substantial evidence for one side of a hot political debate.
    High-poverty schools, which were more likely to go remote in the first place, saw the biggest decrease in reading and math scores compared with those filled with middle class and affluent kids.
    Older students, who have the least amount of time to make up losses, are recovering much more slowly from setbacks than younger children, Laura writes.

    Students have made some progress since returning to the classroom, but it hasn’t been anywhere near enough to make up for the losses already sustained. “People were hoping, ‘Oh gosh, there’s going to be a lot of natural bounce back that occurs,’ and we did not see it last year,” said Tom Kane, faculty director for the Center for Education Policy Research at Harvard University. “Maybe it will happen this year, but I’m not sure there’s much evidence underlying that hope.”

    Dr. Marcinko

    Liked by 1 person

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