Evidence Based Medicine

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Emerging EBM Trends

[By Prof. Hope Rachel Hetico; RN, MHA, CMP™]

Prof. Hetico

The next emerging trend in healthcare is evidence-based medicine. EBM offers the promise of improving the quality of clinical services and reducing costs.

Definition

Evidence Based Medicine may be defined as the use of any techniques from science, engineering, risk-management and meta-statistics analysis – to medical literature reviews and randomized controlled trials – in order to aim for the ideal.

According to healthcare economist and Assistant Professor Gregory Ginn PhD, MEd, CPA of the UNLV, this “ideal” represents the philosophy that medical professionals make “conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence” in everyday clinical practice.

Historical Review

Some pundits argue that EBM is a trend that will prevail for the foreseeable future. In the past, standards of care were often set by panels of experts. Today, however, there is a greater demand for empirical evidence to establish the efficacy of clinical protocols.

Achievements

EBM can directly affect quality and financial performance because it facilitates the elimination of therapies that cannot be demonstrated to be effective.

For example, EBM can reduce a hospital’s prescription drug costs. Evidence-based medicine may also affect operations management if it shows that multiple approaches to treatment can be efficacious.

Of course, in order to accommodate different modalities of treatment, hospitals will need more sophisticated health information technology systems [HITS] that allow for data integration.

Assessment

EBM may also be used to support another trend, the development of alternative and complementary medicine.

Conclusion

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