On Childhood Obesity Trends

By http://www.MCOL.com

The Trend is NOT Your Friend

Obesity, according to Wikipedia, is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.[1] People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person’s height, is over 30 kg/m2, with the range 25–30 kg/m2 defined as overweight.[1] Some East Asian countries use lower values.[2] Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.[3]

Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility.[1][4] A few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or mental illness.[5] Evidence to support the view that obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is not generally supported.[6] On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.[6][7]



Obesity is mostly preventable through a combination of social changes and personal choices.[1] Changes to diet and exercising are the main treatments.[3] Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber.[1] Medications may be taken, along with a suitable diet, to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption.[8] If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume or bowel length, leading to feeling full earlier or a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.[9][10]

Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children.[1][11] In 2014, 600 million adults (13%) and 42 million children under the age of five were obese.[1] Obesity is more common in women than men.[1] Authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century.[12] Obesity is stigmatized in much of the modern world (particularly in the Western world), though it was seen as a symbol of wealth and fertility at other times in history and still is in some parts of the world.[3][13]





In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease.[14][15]


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5 Responses

  1. Diabetes Spending Reached $16,021 Per Capita in 2014

    The Health Cost Institute recently released a study on healthcare spending for diabetes patients. Here are some key findings from the report:

    • Spending on people with diabetes reached $16,021 per capita in 2014, an $897 increase from 2013.
    • Health care spending for people with diabetes rose 6% compared to 3.2% for people without diabetes.
    • The number of ER visits among people with diabetes rose 8.1% annually from 2012-2014.
    • People with diabetes had 7x more filled days of cardiovascular drugs than those without diabetes.
    • Young adults (19-25) with diabetes had 4x more hospital admissions for mental health and substance use.
    • In 2014, insureds with diabetes spent $1,944 out of pocket compared to $752 for those without diabetes.

    Health Cost Institute, June 20, 2016


  2. 9.4% of the U.S. Population Had Diabetes in 2015

    The CDC recently published an analysis on diabetes. Here are some key findings from the report:

    • 9.4% of the U.S. population, or 30.3 million people had diabetes in 2015.
    • 23.1 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes.
    • 23.8% of people with diabetes are undiagnosed.
    • 1 in 4 adults aged 65 years or older had diabetes in 2015.
    • 132,000 children and adolescents younger than age 18 had diabetes in 2015.
    • 5% of people with diabetes are estimated to have type 1 diabetes.

    Source: CDC, July 2017


  3. Wounds That Won’t Heal Fuel $5B Business, But With Little Evidence

    The doctors who care for the 6.5 million patients with chronic wounds know the depths of their struggles. Their open, festering wounds don’t heal for months and sometimes years, leaving bare bones and tendons that evoke disgust even among their closest relatives. Many patients end up immobilized, unable to work and dependent on Medicare and Medicaid. In their quest to heal, they turn to expensive and sometimes painful procedures and products that often don’t work.

    According to some estimates, Medicare alone spends at least $25 billion a year treating these wounds. But many widely used treatments aren’t supported by credible research. The wound care product business, worth at least an estimated $5 billion a year, booms while some products might prove little more effective than the proverbial snake oil. The vast majority of the studies are funded or conducted by companies that manufacture these products. At the same time, independent academic research is scant for a growing problem.

    Source: Marisa Taylor, Philadephia Inquirer [8/2/17] via Dr. Allen Jacobs via PMNews


  4. Great Britain

    Now has the third-highest obesity rate in Europe, after Malta and Turkey, and yet successive governments have tried and failed to do anything about it despite almost 700 different policies over the past 30 years.

    It is time for society to acknowledge that there is nothing to be celebrated about a body shape that risks developing Type 2 diabetes, heart diseases and cancer. Asking people to take more responsibility for their own well being isn’t “fat-shaming” – it’s life-saving

    Donna RN


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